The Capital is an is administrative-political centre of the state, republic, a province, area, department or staff statutory or the constitution. Routinely the capital places in a city in which there are supreme bodies of the power and management, residence of monarchs, parliament, the Supreme Court. Capital more often, but it is not obligatory, the largest city of the this territory. However, there are some tens countries where one or more cities surpass capital on the size and the importance.
The Word capital occurs from a Latin word caput that "head" means, and in the United States is connected with the Capitol building where the government is possessed.
At the countries based on federalism, more often chief towns of certain territories are called as capitals of these territories. In the unitary states, "administrative centre" or other similar term is routinely used for a designation of such places, except national capital.
Sometimes the capital precipitates out under the status in independent administrative or federal unit (for example, under the constitution of Austria Vienna has the earth status; Astana in Kazakhstan (the name with Kazakh and is transferred - capital); Seoul in South Korea also is transferred as capital; in the USA the country capital - Washington - is possessed in independent federal district of Columbia which is not entering in one of states).
In Federal Republic Germany, each of "earths" making it has the capital, for example, Wiesbaden, Mainz, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart and Munich. In the same way, each of republics of the Russian Federation has own capital.
At lower administrative divisions in the various English-speaking countries, such terms, as a district city, a district chief town, the centre of a county are routinely used, etc.
Each official flag or the coat of arms of capital of the state, as a rule, reflects the reasons of occurrence of a city, development of the this territory by the first inhabitants and a development of the city further. Besides, each urban emblem symbolises itself the basic modern lines of development of this or that branch of production, preservation of natural resources and national traditions of the population, and also dominating religion not only the city, but also all state as on official symbolics of capital interests of all country, as a rule, are presented. Attentively having studied official symbols of capital of the state, it is possible to understand a traditional heritage of a city. It is connected by that on the coat of arms and a flag more often symbolically represent not only the important historical events of a life of the state and its capital, but also traditional geographical objects (mountains, the rivers, lakes), architectural monuments, national symbols and emblems. Thus, it is possible to understand that love and than are proud both local residents, and the state as a whole.