Nicosia - modern capital of Republic Cyprus, represents the largest city on territory of the country. The name has occurred from Greek Lefkosija. The former name of a city - Lefkotea, the name of Lefkosija has been pirated to a city in IV century the Geographical arrangement of a city - a valley of Mesaorija between two mountain ridges. The firm date of the basis of a city is unknown (about I millenium), however the pioneer settlement in the this territory (city-state of Ledra) has arisen at the time of a neolith.
The Basic places of interest of a city - an archiepiscopal palace, church of the Mother of god, church Panajja Hrizaliniotissa, a cathedral of Sacred Sofia, Sacred John's cathedral, Ataturk's area; gate of Famagusta, a bastion Constance, etc.
Modern the flag Nicosia represents the panel of a squared shape coloured in white colour. In the cloth centre the plotting of the modern urban arms is seated.
The coat of arms cities represent the stylised plotting of a gold flower with the big disk in the centre and 8 figured petals round it. The flower is concluded in the wavy contour coloured in dark blue colour. Between petals of a flower and contour edge there passes a thin white strip. In the disk centre the contour of the stylised white bird represented in flight is seated. Dark blue colour traditionally symbolises itself freedom, independence and the sky; gold - nobleness, well-being and vital energy; white - justice and people brotherhood.