Delhi, capital of India


  • Time of the basis:
  • Population:
  • Area:
  • Monetary unit:
  • of 3000 BC
  • 15,3 million persons
  • 1,5 thousand in sq. km
  • Indian rupee ( notes and coins )

Delhi - modern capital of India. The next companions-cities enter into composition of Delhi (Gurgaon, Uttar-Prade-she, Faradabad, Noida, Haryana, Gaziabad) some that puts capital of India on the sixth place in the world on a population. Delhi is the financial and economic in state financial and economic, scientific, information and transport centre with the developed infrastructure.

Delhi - capital of India (a minaret of Katab Minar)

Delhi represents one of the most ancient saved cities on a planet. The firm date of its occurrence is unknown today, however, under the most widespread version, the pioneer settlement at-sight a modern city has been based about 3000 BC, at the time of board of a dynasty Pandavov from a Mahabharata. This city carrying the name of Indraprastha, has existed prior to the beginning of XIX century then has been completely destroyed by British. In the same century in the this territory the new city of New Delhi has been erected. Earlier state capital was Bombay.

In territory of a modern city of Delhi and in its vicinities it was saved more than 60 thousand ancient monuments and historical values. The name of the Indian capital is the derivative version from a word "Dahliz" and the hardle, border, a threshold »is literally transferred from the Persian language as«. The famous places of interest of a city are the Indian gate; a minaret of Katab Minar; a palace of Shahdzhaha-nabad, etc.

the Flag of India

The Modern capital of India has no own official urban a flag , however during realisation of holidays or diverse solemn events over a city it is accepted to lift a national Indian flag. This flag represents a rectangular panel, with standing of 3 equal horizontally possessed strips, top from which is coloured in orange colour, medium - in white, bottom - in red. In the central part of a cloth on a white background the plotting of a wheel of Ashoki - a traditional wheel with 24 spokes, executed in dark blue colour is seated. Proportions of a cloth of a flag make 2: 3. The blue wheel in the panel centre is considered one of the most ancient symbols - an embodiment of the sun and attribute of god Vishnu. The sign is named by a wheel of Ashoki in honour of living in III century BC the governor of empire Maurev. Traditionally it is understood as a perpetual motion symbol to perfection and independence. Blue colour symbolically designates a sea and the sky, expressing submissions about eternity and infinity of the world. The similar plotting of national colours of India has been officially confirmed in 1947

The coat of arms of Delhi, capital of India

The coat of arms Delhi represents the figured heraldic board divided into two inadequate horizontally possessed parts - green (above) and orange (below). In board bottom dark blue colour represents a sea. In the coat of arms centre the stylised plotting of the opened book with clean sheets - a traditional symbol of literacy, a science and enlightenment is seated. In board top on a green field two represented architectural structures of white colour place. For creation of the urban arms the same colours, as on national colours have been used: white, green, orange and dark blue. Orange colour on the coat of arms symbolises Hinduism, sacrifice and bravery, is understood as unselfishness, altruism and self-sacrifice. White colour is a symbol of true, the consent and the world, safety of all state created by the people, cleanliness of thoughts of its inhabitants. Green colour is traditional for Moslem doctrine, and out of a religious context often is understood as a symbol of valour and belief, the nature, fertility and revival. Dark blue colour personifies infinity, fidelity and heavenly cleanliness.