Djakarta, capital of Indonesia


  • Time of the basis:
  • Population:
  • Area:
  • Monetary unit:
  • 1527
  • 8,8 million persons
  • of 661,5 sq. km
  • Rupiah Indonesia ( notes and coins )

Djakarta - modern capital of Indonesia, the city in the state. Geographically places at coast of Java sea on island Java. Some islands Pulau-Seribu concern territory of Djakarta. Djakarta is one of the basic economic, administrative and transport centres in the country, and also large marine knot.

Djakarta - capital of Indonesia (a monument of Monas)

In XVI century at-sight modern Djakarta the city of Sundakelapa has been based (later renamed into Dzhajakertu), completely destroyed Dutches in the beginning of XVII century In the same century in the this territory had been erected the military strength named by Batavia round which the settlement with the same name shortly was formed. In 1945 in this city it has been officially declared reception by the independence country. The city of Batavia has received the modern name Djakarta in 1949

The Most popular urban places of interest are: the National marble monument of Monas (the construction height reaches 137, constructed in 1961; Penangsky gate (XVII century); an ancient town hall (the beginning of XVIII century); a temple Tszine-yuan (XVII); a presidential palace (XIX-XX centuries); the central hospital (XIX-XX centuries); the Portuguese church (XVII century); the ancient area of Tamat-Fatahul-lah; a historical museum; port Sunda-Kelapa; a zoo "Ragunan"; a significant amount of channels, buildings and the structures constructed in XVII-XVIII centuries

the Flag Djakartas officially is not confirmed.

The coat of arms of Djakarta, capital of Indonesia

Modern the coat of arms Djakartas represent a board of dark blue colour of the traditional English form, bordered with a gold contour. The board top is coloured in silver colour, here black letters trace the city name. Between top and bottom board parts there passes the gold strip bent in the form of a dome. In the board centre on a dark blue field the plotting of a traditional urban obelisk - a national monument of Monas constructed of white marble is seated. The obelisk height makes 137 m. It is considered that from the survey platform possessed at its top, it is possible to see all city. The obelisk top over a survey platform is decorated by the flame decanted from bronze. On gilding for a torch founders had been used 33 kg of gold. The monument of Monas is a traditional symbol of the sovereignty of the state and independence of its people. Monument from two parties surround a gold ear of wheat (at the left) and a green stalk of a clap with white colours (on the right), connected together under an obelisk a tape of gold colour. In bottom of a board two white (silver) waves symbolically represent a sea.