Astana, capital of Kazakhstan

  • Time of the basis:
  • Population:
  • Area:
  • Monetary unit:
  • 1824
  • 633,7 thousand persons
  • of 720,2 sq. km
  • Tenge ( notes and coins )

Astana - modern official capital of Republic Kazakhstan. Date of the announcement of a city state capital is on December, 10th, 1997 the City is geographically possessed in a steppe strip on river bank Ishim (the territory south is surrounded by the river Nura, the north - Selety) in the centre of territory of Kazakhstan. An official language - Kazakh. The most widespread religions - Moslem and Christianity. The city status has been pirated to Astana in 1968 (before it was a military camp Akmola, even earlier - one of settlements on the Great Silk path). From the moment of education the city was some times renamed - Akmolinsk (since 1832), Tselinograd (since 1961), Akmola (since 1992), Astana (since 1998).

Astana - capital of Kazakhstan (the Central Concert hall)

Astana is one of the major railway and motor transportation outcomes of the country. In 1999 of UNESCO has pirated to Astana the status «a world City», awarded to cities which have a drama theatre, opera and ballet theatre and some museums. In area territory the Korgalzhynsky national park places.

the Flag of Astana, capital of Kazakhstan

The coat of arms of Astana, capital of Kazakhstan

The City has the confirmed symbolics. On June, 5th, 2008 deputies of Maslihata of the city of Astana have confirmed the new version a flag Astana. A panel of a flag of blue colour, in the centre the new arms of Astana from which yellow beams disperse. The flag is executed with observance of canons of the international heraldic symbolics.

The circle is put In a basis the coat of arms as expression of idea of perfection, the absolute and eternity. The central element is association of two symbols - Bajterek and Shanyrak. The this art decision is a trope of a vector of development of modern Kazakhstan which combines in itself both a city sign, and a country symbol. Bajterek - the world tree which is an embodiment of the Universe. It is understood as space in the form of a live developing organism. This closely related centre with symbolics. Shanyrak it is understood as a transition point of immensity of the Universe to a native home. Thus, from the art point of view, association of two symbols - Bajterek and Shanyrak is carried out. In basis Bajterek the ornament "the bird's wings", going back to the stylised plotting of a mythical bird "Samruk" is mortgaged. This idea is key in symbolical decor of the left coast (the shade from a soaring bird "Samruk" which are departing from a nest, is spread on Presidential park). All space of the coat of arms is broken into two rings, also having a figurative explanation. The external ring is a deep layer of history of great steppe. Red colour of an external ring goes back to refining force of Fire. On fire Turkis saw vital elements with which submissions about a birth, growth and development associated. Centre fire was considered as a sun particle. Also the red border symbolises ardent gate, having passed through which each refines spirit and is filled with force. Often red colour got out nomads for a military banner, symbolising military valour and fury of a victory. And the internal ring contains the newest symbols of independence of Kazakhstan and greatness of Astana. Colour «the Heavenly glazing» - is colour of a national flag, emphasising the central place of idea of independence in national ideology. In the coat of arms there are some other elements which are in harmony with the cores. The green fringing is used as a decorative element and bears idea of spring prosperity and an unfading youth. At decor of the bottom title segment bearing an inscription "Astana" there are symmetric lines. The arms are executed with observance of canons of the international heraldic symbolics. Colour and graphic receptions retell the ideologically-semantic matter of the coat of arms in which in a symbolical kind historical events from a life the cities connected with persons, played a pivotal role in acquisition of the state independence and country development are reflected.