Vilnius, capital of Lithuania


  • Time of the basis:
  • Population:
  • Area:
  • Monetary unit:
  • 1323
  • 555,6 thousand persons
  • of 401 sq. km
  • Lithuanian litas ( notes and coins )

Vilnius - the city of the state Lithuania and its capital, till 1939 Vilno carrying the name. Vilnius places in the country southeast, in a place of merge of the rivers Vilii (Neris) and Wag (Vilnele). The name to a city was yielded by the river Vilnja - the left inflow of Vilii. At-sight present Lithuanian capital people lodged during prehistoric times. According to a legend the dream - loudly howling iron wolf standing on a grief has dreamt the Lithuanian prince Gediminu who has stayed the night in these parts after successful hunting. A priest has explained a dream as an omen of power and glory of a city which will be mortgaged here by the prince. Having obeyed a priest, Gedimin has started city construction.

Vilnius - capital of Lithuania

Since 1323 the city was considered as capital of Grand duchy Lithuanian and residence of grand dukes Lithuanian. The urban rights have been welcomed Vilnius in 1387 by the king Polish and the grand duke Lithuanian Jagajlo. The blossoming the city has reached in XVI century - at the time of board of the king Polish and the grand duke of Lithuanian Sigizmund Old. Vilnius has endured fires about centuries of the existence, epidemics, invasions of Russian armies and the Ukrainian Cossacks, occupation by German armies in the First and Second world wars, was a part of Poland, the Russian empire and Soviet Union (as a part of Belarus, and later - the Lithuanian Socialist Republic), in the beginning of XX century was the centre of the Belarus national movement.

The Old city - the historical centre of Vilnius which since 1994 is entered in the list the World cultural heritage of UNESCO, is considered one of the largest in the Eastern Europe. On possessed in the centre of the Old city of Zamkovoj the grief towers a history and architecture monument - lock Gediminasa - an original symbol of a city. The Ensemble of the Vilnius university, the former episcopal palace concern places of interest of Vilnius - Prezidentura, a cemetery of Rossa on which outstanding figures of the Polish, Lithuanian, Belarus culture, and also set of temples, museums and galleries are buried also.

the Flag of Vilnius, capital of Lithuania

the Flag Vilnius represents a red panel of a squared shape on which horizontally possessed strip of yellow colour dividing a flag on two half is represented. In the central part of a cloth the small urban arms (i.e. the coat of arms without chargers, tapes etc. place.). Yellow colour personifies a life and a solar energy, red - blood of patriots, bravery and love.

The coat of arms of Vilnius, capital of Lithuania

The coat of arms Vilnius represent a heraldic board of the traditional Spanish form which basic field is coloured in red colour. In the board centre the plotting of the sacred Christopher passing a rough water stream between coast and bearing on a shoulder of baby Jesus places. In hands at sacred the blossomed staff, which extremity it is executed in the form of a cross; in a hand of the baby - a sceptre with a cross. Heraldic figures are represented by silver colour, however a staff, a cross on a sceptre and a nimbus over a head of the baby - gold. The sacred Christopher since the Middle Ages is considered the patron of Vilnius. The arms of Vilnius have been confirmed in 1330, practically at once (later 7 years) after the city basis. As chargers two girls in serebrjano-green clothes and with gold hair (their poses are mirror displayed) which lift over a heraldic board the green wreath which has been tied up by three tapes - green, yellow and red act. Colours of tapes have traditional treatment. Yellow means a sunlight, spiritual greatness, honesty, prosperity and well-being; green - a life, spring, revival, hope, freedom; red - courage, courage, love. In hands of one girl - a gold axe, other - gold scales, and at her feet - a gold ship anchor. As the board basis the figured arched tape of the gold colour which have been tied up also yellow marine by a cable serves. On a tape black letters in Latin language trace the motto - «UNITAS, JUATITIA, SPES» («UNITY, JUSTICE, HOPE»).